Tag Archives: vRouter

Notas Estudo BCVRE 170-010 parte 1

Chapter 1 Brocade Vyatta vRouter System Operations

Para fazer uncommit a todas as configurações da config em buffer usar o comnando discard

[email protected]# discard

Changes have been discarded

[email protected]:~$ show system login users
Username   Type     Tty   From         Last login
operator   vyatta   hvc0               Mon Jun 17 18:34:25 2013
vyatta     vyatta   pts/0 10.224.7.101 Wed Jun 19 20:47:39 2013

[email protected]:~$ show system storage
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
unionfs               1.9G  1.6G  194M  90% /
tmpfs                 248M     0  248M   0% /lib/init/rw
udev                  241M  156K  241M   1% /dev
tmpfs                 248M  4.0K  248M   1% /dev/shm
/dev/sda1             1.9G  1.6G  194M  90% /live/image
/dev/sda1             1.9G  1.6G  194M  90% /live/cow
tmpfs                 248M     0  248M   0% /live
tmpfs                 248M   12K  248M   1% /tmp
/dev/sda1             1.9G  1.6G  194M  90% /opt/vyatta/etc/config
tmpfs                 248M  120K  248M   1% /var/run
none                  248M  384K  248M   1% /opt/vyatta/config

[email protected]:~$ show system memory
total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached
Mem:        514484     252428     262056          0      89084     109528
Swap:            0          0          0
Total:      514484     252428     262056
[email protected]:~$

Bare metal:

[email protected]:~$ show version
Version:      VSE6.5R3
Description:  Vyatta Subscription Edition 6.5 R3
Copyright:    2006-2013 Vyatta, Inc.
Built by:     autobuild@vyatta.com
Built on:     Thu Jan 24 21:34:57 UTC 2013
Build ID:     1301242135-3e8ca0b
System type:  Intel 32bit
Boot via:     image
HW UUID:      Not Present
Uptime:       00:34:26 up 2 days, 23:39,  1 user,  load average: 0.00, 0.03,
0.05

[email protected]:~$ show version
Version:      VSE6.6R1
Description:  Brocade Vyatta 5410 vRouter 6.6 R1
Copyright:    2006-2013 Vyatta, Inc.
Built by:     autobuild@vyatta.com
Built on:     Wed Jul 24 16:19:58 UTC 2013
Build ID:     1307241637-7e824ac
System type:  Intel 32bit Virtual
Boot via:     image
Hypervisor:   VMware
HW model:     VMware Virtual Platform
HW S/N:       VMware-56 4d 4c 44 b2 e4 14 cd-6c 7f e1 ae d7 bf 5c 1b
HW UUID:      564D4C44-B2E4-14CD-6C7F-E1AED7BF5C1B
Uptime:       00:08:39 up 78 days,  5:07,  2 users,  load average: 0.00, 0.01,
0.05

Operacional e Configuration mode

Commit and Save Process

After commit as alterações passam a ter efeito, mas para serem persistentes é necessário efectuar o comando save

By default a config e guardada em /config/config.boot, sendo mantido em histórico os últimos 20 commits

[email protected]:~$ show system commit
0   2013-10-21 17:39:35 by vyatta via cli
1   2013-10-21 17:39:22 by vyatta via cli
2   2013-10-21 17:06:17 by vyatta via cli
3   2013-10-18 19:30:18 by vyatta via cli
4   2013-10-17 19:28:42 by vyatta via cli
5   2013-10-11 18:44:04 by vyatta via cli
6   2013-10-08 22:21:35 by vyatta via cli
7   2013-10-08 22:21:06 by vyatta via cli
8   2013-10-08 22:17:48 by vyatta via cli
9   2013-10-07 19:03:04 by vyatta via cli
10  2013-10-07 19:02:13 by vyatta via cli
11  2013-09-25 17:13:32 by vyatta via cli
12  2013-09-25 17:00:48 by vyatta via cli
13  2013-09-25 16:58:49 by vyatta via cli
14  2013-09-25 16:57:28 by root via boot-config-loader
15  2013-09-25 16:54:27 by vyatta via cli
16  2013-09-25 16:49:38 by vyatta via cli
17  2013-09-23 21:49:55 by vyatta via cli
18  2013-09-11 22:08:16 by vyatta via cli
19  2013-09-11 22:08:10 by vyatta via cli

É possível usar o comando load para usar a config.boot sem ter que fazer reboot á box, as alterações passam a ter efeito após commit

Também é possível usar o comando merge para juntar config á já existente, as alterações passam a ter efeito após commit

Chapter 2 Ethernet

[set | edit] interface ethernet ethn
set speed [auto | 10 | 100 | 1000]
set duplex [auto | half | full]
set mac mac-address
set address address/mask

[email protected]:~$ show interfaces
Codes: S – State, L – Link, u – Up, D – Down, A – Admin Down
Interface        IP Address                        S/L  Description
———        ———-                        —  ———–
eth0             10.10.1.1/24                      u/u
eth1             192.168.12.1/24                   d/d

[email protected]:~$ show interfaces ethernet eth0
eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP
qlen 1000
link/ether 36:0a:27:2b:50:06 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
inet 172.24.42.51/24 brd 172.24.42.255 scope global eth0
inet6 fe80::340a:27ff:fe2b:5006/64 scope link
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
RX:  bytes    packets     errors    dropped    overrun      mcast
3656114      49450          0          0          0          0
TX:  bytes    packets     errors    dropped    carrier collisions
42829027     729851          0          0          0          0
[email protected]:~$

VLAN operations and settings

Existem 2 formas de referir a VLAN interface

!No setup da VLAN
interface ethernet eth0 vif 10

Referenciando a VLAN no NAT, OSPF por exemplo e usado o formato eth0.10

Sao aceites ambos os formatos no CLI, show interface eth0.10 ou eth0 vif 10

[email protected]:~$ show interfaces ethernet eth0.10
[email protected]: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state
UP
link/ether 36:0a:27:2b:50:06 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
inet 10.10.10.1/24 brd 10.10.10.255 scope global eth0.10
inet6 fe80::340a:27ff:fe2b:5006/64 scope link
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
RX:  bytes    packets     errors    dropped    overrun      mcast
0          0          0          0          0          0
TX:  bytes    packets     errors    dropped    carrier collisions
368          4          0          0          0          0

Link Aggregation

Link Aggregation 802.1AX standard

[email protected]:~$
set interfaces bonding bond99 hash-policy ‘layer2’
set interfaces bonding bond99 mode ‘802.3ad’
set interfaces ethernet eth0 bond-group ‘bond99’

[email protected]:~$ show interfaces bonding
Codes: S – State, L – Link, u – Up, D – Down, A – Admin Down
Interface        IP Address                        S/L  Description
———        ———-                        —  ———–
bond99           –                                 u/D

[email protected]:~$ show interfaces bonding bond99 slaves
Interface        RX: bytes  packets     TX: bytes  packets
bond99           0          0           0          0
eth0         0          0           0          0

Chapter 3 TCP/IP

Basic Stuff (Network Foundations)

Referências:

Vyatta vRouter 5400 Online Documentation

Brocade Certified vRouter Engineer 2013 (BCVRE) Exam

Voucher gratuito Brocade Certified vRouter Engineer (BCVRE) 170-010 Exam

Network Functions Virtualization

Certification Brocade Community

Certification Exam Information

Voucher gratuito Brocade Certified vRouter Engineer (BCVRE) 170-010 Exam

Como Brocade Certified vRouter Engineer deve ser capaz de demonstrar conhecimento em ser capaz de implementar, instalar, configurar e solucionar problemas de soluções Brocade Vyatta.

Este exame é baseado em Vyatta vRouter, a Brocade disponibiliza para download um trial de 60 dias do Vyatta vRouter 5400.

Algumas das funcionalidades do vRouter 5400:

  • Advanced IPv4 and IPv6 Unicast and Multicast
  • Stateful firewall, IPsec, SSL-Based OpenVPN and DMVPN
  • Linux-based extensible network OS
  • Hypervisors Supported: VMware ESX, Citrix XEN/XENserver, Microsoft Hyper-V, and RedHat KVM
  • RESTful API, CLI, Web GUI

Quem quiser fazer este exame a custo zero deverá usar o Voucher Code  BrocadeNFVPromo e registar-se no site http://www.pearsonvue.com/brocade/. Este exame tem duração 75 minutos e 51 questões no total, sendo necessário no mínimo 62% para passar.

Boa sorte :)

Tópicos para o exame:

Brocade Vyatta vRouter System Operations

  • Describe show command usage and output
  • Identify key CLI operations
  • Describe the commit and save processes

Ethernet Concepts

  • Identify Ethernet operations
  • Identify VLAN operations and settings
  • Identify bonded interface operations
  • Demonstrate knowledge of configuration and operation using show commands

TCP/IP

  • Demonstrate knowledge of the relationship between Layer 2, IP and TCP/IP
  • Identify TCP and UDP differences
  • Identify IP address subnets

DHCP and DNS Troubleshooting

  • Describe troubleshooting of DHCP operations
  • Describe troubleshooting of DNS forwarding

Routing

  • Identify uses for routing
  • Identify show commands for use with routing
  • Identify configuration of different types of static routes

Firewalls

  • Describe firewall operations and troubleshooting using show commands
  • Describe firewall rulebase operations

NAT

  • Describe NAT concepts

Upgrades

  • Describe the Brocade Vyatta upgrade process

Logging and Packet Captures

  • Identify logging options for firewall and NAT operations
  • Identify methods to verify operations and troubleshooting

OSPF Single-Area

  • Describe OSPF show command output
  • Describe how to configure OSPF

 

Materiais de Estudo:

ETH 101 Internetworking Fundamentals for Brocade Training

Brocade IP Primer

 

Pré-requisitos

Não existem mas são sugeridos os seguintes cursos Free (Web-Based Training):

SDN 111-WBT – Brocade Vyatta vRouter Software Installation

SDN 121-WBT – Brocade Vyatta vRouter Command Line Interface

SDN 132-WBT – Brocade Vyatta vRouter Dynamic Addressing and DNS

SDN 133-WBT – Brocade Vyatta vRouter Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

SDN 211-WBT – Brocade Vyatta vRouter Ethernet and VLAN Configuration

SDN 321-WBT – Brocade Vyatta vRouter Static Routes

SDN 341-WBT – Brocade Vyatta vRouter OSPF Basics

SDN 411-WBT – Brocade Vyatta vRouter Network Address Translation

SDN 421-WBT – Brocade Vyatta vRouter Firewall Basics

SDN 511-WBT – Brocade Vyatta vRouter Management and Logging
BCVRE_logo Referências:

Brocade Certified vRouter Engineer 2013 (BCVRE) Exam

Network Functions Virtualization

Certification Brocade Community

Certification Exam Information